How to activate mast cells: Receptors and Ligands Master Table (part 3)

Receptor Ligand (molecules that bind to the receptor) Result
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor Acetylcholine Increases severity of anaphylaxis
NOD1, NOD2 Bacterial products Cytokines; dependent upon ligand
Paired Ig-like receptor B (PIR-B) Inhibitory
Peripheral benzodiazepine receptor Benzodiazepines Inhibits mediator release
Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM-1) Inhibitory
Progesterone receptor Progesterone Inhibits mediator release
Prostaglandin E receptors, EP2, Prostaglandin E Downregulates IgE mediated response, inhibits prostaglandin and leukotriene production

 

Prostaglandin E receptors, EP3, EP4 Prostaglandin E Increases IgE mediated degranulation : histamine, tryptase, carboxypeptide, chymase, heparin, chondroitin

 

Increases IgE dependent cytokine production

 

Protease activated receptors 1-4 (PAR1-4) Serine proteases (trypsin, tryptase, chymase) Histamine release, mast cell activation
Purinoreceptor P2Y11 ATP Production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes
Purinoreceptor P2Y2 ATP, UTP Production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes
Purinoreceptors P2Y1, P2Y12, P2Y13 ADP Production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes
Sialic acid binding Inhibitory
Sphingosine-1-phosphate S1P1 Sphingosine-1-phosphate Chemotaxis

 

Sphingosine-1-phosphate S1P2 Sphingosine-1-phosphate Degranulation : histamine, tryptase, carboxypeptide, chymase, heparin, chondroitin

 

De novo:
IL-3, IL-4, IL-5 IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-13, TNF, GM-CSF, CCL2, CCL3, CCL5

 

ST2 IL-33 Cytokines
TGFb receptor 1 TGFb Decreases IgE dependent degranulation, IgE dependent TNF production
TLR1-9 Bacterial and viral products Cytokines ; dependent upon ligand
Urokinase receptor Urokinase Movement of mast cells
Vitamin D receptor Vitamin D Mast cell development
β2-adrenoreceptor Adrenaline Inhibits FcεRI degranulation and cytokine production and secretion